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Flume拓扑结构之--------Channel多副本模式结合Avro
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Tags:Flume 拓扑 结构 --------Channel 副本 模式 结合 Avro

一、需求

使用flume-1监控文件变动,flume-1将变动内容传递给flume-2,flume-2负责存储到HDFS。同时flume-1将变动内容传递给flume-3,flume-3负责输出到local filesystem。看此图基本上就能写出来配置文件,在结合官方文档

配置1个接收日志文件的source和两个channel、两个sink,分别输送给flume-flume-hdfs和flume-flume-dir。

二、编写配置文件

1、一个源flume-file-flume.conf

①$ touch flume-file-flume.conf

②编辑配置

讲解:a1.sources.r1.selector.type = replicating这句配置是关键,replicating指的就是复制模式,还有一个重要的就是输出sink是avro模式,Avro是由Hadoop创始人Doug Cutting创建的一种语言无关的数据序列化和RPC框架。RPC(Remote Procedure Call)—远程过程调用,它是一种通过网络从远程计算机程序上请求服务,而不需要了解底层网络技术的协议

# Name the components on this agent
a1.sources = r1
a1.sinks = k1 k2
a1.channels = c1 c2
# 将数据流复制给多个channel
a1.sources.r1.selector.type = replicating

# Describe/configure the source
a1.sources.r1.type = exec
a1.sources.r1.command = tail -F /opt/module/hive/logs/hive.log
a1.sources.r1.shell = /bin/bash -c

# Describe the sink
a1.sinks.k1.type = avro
a1.sinks.k1.hostname = hadoop102
a1.sinks.k1.port = 4141

a1.sinks.k2.type = avro
a1.sinks.k2.hostname = hadoop102
a1.sinks.k2.port = 4142

# Describe the channel
a1.channels.c1.type = memory
a1.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

a1.channels.c2.type = memory
a1.channels.c2.capacity = 1000
a1.channels.c2.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a1.sources.r1.channels = c1 c2
a1.sinks.k1.channel = c1
a1.sinks.k2.channel = c2

2、一个sink1:flume-flume-hdfs.conf

配置文件:

注意的是这个agent绑定的端口和IP和上面的源要对应,下面的sink也是

a2.sources.r1.bind = hadoop102

a2.sources.r1.port = 4141

# Name the components on this agent
a2.sources = r1
a2.sinks = k1
a2.channels = c1

# Describe/configure the source
a2.sources.r1.type = avro
a2.sources.r1.bind = hadoop102
a2.sources.r1.port = 4141

# Describe the sink
a2.sinks.k1.type = hdfs
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.path = hdfs://hadoop102:9000/flume2/%Y%m%d/%H
#上传文件的前缀
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.filePrefix = flume2-
#是否按照时间滚动文件夹
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.round = true
#多少时间单位创建一个新的文件夹
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.roundValue = 1
#重新定义时间单位
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.roundUnit = hour
#是否使用本地时间戳
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.useLocalTimeStamp = true
#积攒多少个Event才flush到HDFS一次
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.batchSize = 100
#设置文件类型,可支持压缩
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.fileType = DataStream
#多久生成一个新的文件
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.rollInterval = 600
#设置每个文件的滚动大小大概是128M
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.rollSize = 134217700
#文件的滚动与Event数量无关
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.rollCount = 0
#最小冗余数
a2.sinks.k1.hdfs.minBlockReplicas = 1

# Describe the channel
a2.channels.c1.type = memory
a2.channels.c1.capacity = 1000
a2.channels.c1.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a2.sources.r1.channels = c1
a2.sinks.k1.channel = c1

3、一个sink:flume-flume-dir.conf

配置如下:注意上面问题同时还有,输出的本地目录必须是已经存在的目录,如果该目录不存在,并不会创建新的目录

# Name the components on this agent
a3.sources = r1
a3.sinks = k1
a3.channels = c2

# Describe/configure the source
a3.sources.r1.type = avro
a3.sources.r1.bind = hadoop102
a3.sources.r1.port = 4142

# Describe the sink
a3.sinks.k1.type = file_roll
a3.sinks.k1.sink.directory = /opt/module/datas/flume3

# Describe the channel
a3.channels.c2.type = memory
a3.channels.c2.capacity = 1000
a3.channels.c2.transactionCapacity = 100

# Bind the source and sink to the channel
a3.sources.r1.channels = c2
a3.sinks.k1.channel = c2

4、启动和测试

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Flume拓扑结构之--------Channel多副本模式结合Avro https://www.cppentry.com/bencandy.php?fid=119&id=213119

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